Learn About the Label

Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Cars

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Tips for Hybrids, Plug-in Hybrids, and Electric Vehicles

All-Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles

Vehicles produce about half of the greenhouse gases from a typical U.S. household.

We can help you calculate and track your fuel economy.

MPG estimates from drivers like you!

A quick guide to the different kinds of hybrids and electric vehicles.

Answers to frequently asked questions about octane.

Click on a tab to view the labels for various vehicle/fuel types. Click/touch parts of the label to learn more.

The estimated rate of fuel consumption, in gallons per 100 miles, for combined city and highway driving. Unlike MPG, consumption relates directly to the amount of fuel used, and thus to fuel expenditures.Learn more

This is an estimate of how much more (or less) this vehicle will cost to fuel over five years relative to the average new vehicle, based on the assumptions listed in the print at the bottom of the label.Learn more

Look here to compare the fuel efficiency of this vehicle to other vehicles in the same category and to find out the highest fuel economy among all vehicles.Learn more

A 1 to 10 rating based on fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions, where a rating of 10 is best. The pointer shows where this vehicle is within the range.Learn more

A 1 to 10 rating, where a rating of 10 is best, based on exhaust emissions that contribute to air pollution. The pointer shows where this vehicle is within the range.Learn more

Official EPA fuel economy estimates. The Combined City/Highway estimate is the most prominent to allow quick and easy comparison to other vehicles.Learn more

Shows the type of fuel or fuels the vehicle can use. You will most commonly see Gasoline Vehicle, Flexible Fuel Vehicle: Gasoline-Ethanol, or Diesel Vehicle.Learn more

Shows tailpipe CO2 emissions in grams per mile for combined city and highway driving and the emissions of the vehicle with the lowest CO

emissions. Explains that consumers can learn more about emissions from the production of fuels at more

Download a free bar code app to your smartphone and scan this QR Code® to get additional and customizable information about the vehicle.Learn more

Look here for information related to the estimates and ratings, such as the assumptions used to determine the estimated annual fuel cost (15,000 miles per year and $3.70 per gallon for this example). Also contains a reminder that your mileage will vary.Learn more

Consumer information and tools associated with the labels are available at more

The estimated annual fuel cost of the vehicle, based on the assumptions listed in the print at the bottom of the label.Learn more

This is an estimate of how much more (or less) this vehicle will cost to fuel over five years relative to the average new vehicle, based on the assumptions listed in the print at the bottom of the label.Learn more

Look here to compare the fuel efficiency of this vehicle to other vehicles in the same category and to find out the highest fuel economy among all vehicles.Learn more

A 1 to 10 rating based on fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions, where a rating of 10 is best. The pointer shows where this vehicle is within the range.Learn more

A 1 to 10 rating, where a rating of 10 is best, based on exhaust emissions that contribute to air pollution. The pointer shows where this vehicle is within the range.Learn more

Fuel efficiency for combined city and highway driving is shown for both modes of operation: on electricity and on gasoline. Electric fuel efficiency is shown in miles per gallon equivalent (MPGe). MPGe is a metric based on energy content that can be used to compare across different vehicle technologies and fuels.Learn more

Shows the type of fuel or fuels the vehicle can use. You will most commonly see Gasoline Vehicle, Flexible Fuel Vehicle: Gasoline-Ethanol, or Diesel Vehicle.Learn more

Shows tailpipe CO2 emissions in grams per mile for combined city and highway driving and the emissions of the vehicle with the lowest CO2 emissions. Explains that consumers can learn more about emissions from the production of fuels at more

Download a free bar code app to your smartphone and scan this QR Code® to get additional and customizable information about the vehicle.Learn more

Look here for information related to the estimates and ratings, such as the assumptions used to determine the estimated annual fuel cost (15,000 miles per year, $0.12 per kilowatt-hour, and $3.70 per gallon for this example). Also contains a reminder that your mileage will vary.Learn more

Consumer information and tools associated with the labels are available at more

The estimated annual fuel cost of the vehicle, based on the assumptions listed in the print at the bottom of the label.Learn more

Shows the estimated all-electric range on a fully charged battery and the estimated total range using both gasoline and electricity.Learn more

The estimated rate of fuel consumption for combined city and highway driving. Electricity consumption is shown in kilowatt-hours per 100 miles and gasoline consumption is shown in gallons per 100 miles. Unlike MPG, consumption relates directly to the amount of fuel used, and thus to fuel expenditures.Learn more

This indicates how long it takes to charge a fully empty battery using 240 volt electrical service.Learn more

The estimated rate of fuel consumption, in kilowatt-hours per 100 miles, for combined city and highway driving. Unlike MPG, consumption relates directly to the amount of electricity used, and thus to expenditures on electricity.Learn more

This is an estimate of how much more (or less) this vehicle will cost to fuel over five years relative to the average new vehicle, based on the assumptions listed in the print at the bottom of the label.Learn more

Look here to compare the fuel efficiency of this vehicle to other vehicles in the same category and to find out the highest fuel economy among all vehicles.Learn more

A 1 to 10 rating based on fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions, where a rating of 10 is best. The pointer shows where this vehicle is within the range.Learn more

A 1 to 10 rating, where a rating of 10 is best, based on exhaust emissions that contribute to air pollution. The pointer shows where this vehicle is within the range.Learn more

Electric vehicle labels express the City, Highway, and Combined fuel efficiency values in miles per gallon equivalent (MPGe). MPGe is a metric based on energy content that can be used to compare across different vehicle technologies and fuels.Learn more

Shows the type of fuel or fuels the vehicle can use. You will most commonly see Gasoline Vehicle, Flexible Fuel Vehicle: Gasoline-Ethanol, or Diesel Vehicle.Learn more

Shows tailpipe CO2 emissions in grams per mile for combined city and highway driving and the emissions of the vehicle with the lowest CO2 emissions. Explains that consumers can learn more about emissions from the production of fuels at more

Download a free bar code app to your smartphone and scan this QR Code® to get additional and customizable information about the vehicle.Learn more

Look here for information related to the estimates and ratings, such as the assumptions used to determine the estimated annual fuel cost (15,000 miles per year and $0.12 per kilowatt-hour for this example). Also contains a reminder that your mileage will vary.Learn more

Consumer information and tools associated with the labels are available at more

The estimated annual fuel cost of the vehicle, based on the assumptions listed in the print at the bottom of the label.Learn more

This indicates how long it takes to charge a fully empty battery using 240 volt electrical service.Learn more

Shows the estimated distance that an electric vehicle can travel on a fully-charged battery.Learn more

See all the labels, including diesel, FFV, CNG, and fuel cell:All Labels (PDF)(10 pp, 236 KB,About PDF)

Visit EPAs website for more information on the label regulations.

Driving your vehicle can yield both greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from your vehicles tailpipe and GHG emissions related to the production of the fuel used to power your vehicle. For example, activities associated with fuel production such as feedstock extraction, feedstock transport to a processing plant, and conversion of feedstock to motor fuel, as well as distribution of the motor fuel, can all produce GHG ntinue reading

MINI Cooper SE Countryman All4, SIDI; PHEV

BMW i3 (94Ah) with Range Extender, PHEV

BMW i3s (94Ah) with Range Extender, PHEV

Ford Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid, PHEV

Hyundai Ioniq Plug-in Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Hyundai Sonata Plug-in Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Kia Niro Plug-in Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Kia Optima Plug-in Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Mercedes-Benz GLC350e 4matic, SIDI; PHEV

Mercedes-Benz GLE550e 4matic, SIDI; PHEV

MINI Cooper SE Countryman All4, SIDI; PHEV

Porsche Cayenne S e-Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Porsche Panamera 4 e-Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Porsche Panamera 4 e-Hybrid Executive, SIDI; PHEV

Porsche Panamera 4 e-Hybrid ST, SIDI; PHEV

Porsche Panamera Turbo S e-Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Porsche Panamera Turbo S e-Hybrid Executive, SIDI; PHEV

Porsche Panamera Turbo S e-Hybrid ST, SIDI; PHEV

smart fortwo electric drive convertible

Tesla Model 3 Long Range AWD Performance

BMW i3 REX (94 Amp-hour battery), PHEV; 94 Amp-hour battery

Ford C-MAX Energi Plug-In Hybrid, PHEV

Ford Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid, PHEV

Hyundai Sonata Plug-in Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Kia Optima Plug-in Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Mercedes-Benz GLE550e 4matic, SIDI; PHEV

Porsche Cayenne S e-Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

smart fortwo electric drive convertible

Tesla Model S (60 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S (75 kW-hr battery pack)

Ford C-MAX Energi Plug-in Hybrid, PHEV

Ford Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid, PHEV

Hyundai Sonata Plug-in Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Mercedes-Benz GLE550e 4matic, SIDI; PHEV

Nissan Leaf (24 kW-hr battery pack)

Nissan Leaf (30 kW-hr battery pack)

Porsche Cayenne S e-Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

smart fortwo electric drive convertible

Tesla Model S (60 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S (70 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S (75 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S (85 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S (90 kW-hr battery pack)

Ford C-MAX Energi Plug-in Hybrid, PHEV

Ford Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid, PHEV

Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive, SIDI

Porsche Cayenne S e-Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, SIDI; PHEV

smart fortwo electric drive convertible

Tesla Model S (60 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S (85 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S (90 kW-hr battery pack)

Ford C-MAX Energi Plug-in Hybrid, PHEV

Ford Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid, PHEV

Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive

smart fortwo electric drive convertible

Tesla Model S (60 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S (85 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S AWD (85 kW-hr battery pack)

Ford C-MAX Energi Plug-in Hybrid, PHEV

Ford Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid, PHEV

smart fortwo electric drive convertible

Tesla Model S (40 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S (60 kW-hr battery pack)

Tesla Model S (85 kW-hr battery pack)

Azure Dynamics Transit Connect Electric Van

Azure Dynamics Transit Connect Electric Wagon

smart fortwo electric drive cabriolet

Greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles are an important contributor to climate change.

Visit EPAs climate change page for more details.

Learn moreabout GHG emissions for different fuels.